The Akron, Canton and Youngstown Railroad, which had its slogan, “Ohio’s Road of Service”, was a 171-mile single track railroad running east-to-west from Mogadore to Delphos, across the northern tier of Ohio. Planned extensions to Canton and Youngstown were never built.
Organized in 1907, the AC&Y began as a 7½-mile terminal operation, the vision of Akron industrialists Zeb Davis
Zebulon W. Davis , H.B. Stewart,
Harry Bartlett Stewart and F.A. Sieberling.
Franklin Augustus Seiberling ©Goodyear Tire Rubber Co. The AC&Y was built to very high standards between 1911-1913. The rubber boom generated substantial new rail business. The road began operations with a fleet of five new Lima 0-6-0’s
AC&Y 22 Lima Locomotive Works Builder's Photo ©Allen County Historical Society and a modest fleet of new freight cars.
In 1881, long before the incorporation of the ACY, the Cleveland, Delphos and St. Louis
Cleveland, Delphos and St. Louis was projected as part of a major narrow-gauge trunk line. Various changes in name, ownership and purpose ensued until the railroad was completed as the Pittsburgh, Akron and Western
PA&W Bill of Lading AI Root AC&YHS Collection from Delphos, Ohio to Akron. In 1895, the line became the Northern Ohio, a subsidiary of Lake Erie and Western (then controlled by the NYC). The line was not successful and was considered the most superfluous railroad constructed in the State of Ohio.
In 1920, AC&Y absorbed the moribund Northern Ohio Railway
Brooks 2-6-0 ©ALCO Historic Photos AC&YHS Collection thru a 999-year lease which created numerous western outlets, namely freight connections with the W&LE, B&O, C&O, NKP, DT&I, PRR and NYC.
The Northern Ohio addition also furnished the AC&Y a 25% ownership interest in the Akron and Barberton Belt Line Railway,
Map Akron Barberton Belt which served numerous industries in the Akron–Barberton freight district. AC&Y and Northern Ohio were formally merged in 1944.
Always well managed, efficient and financially viable, the AC&Y was recognized as the most profitable Class I railroad in the country during the 1920's. With prosperity came an upgrading of the Northern Ohio property and acquisition of new locomotives and rolling stock. Light 2-8-2 Mikes
AC&Y 404 Builder's Photo ©Allen County Historical Society from the nearby Lima Locomotive Works
Ohio Historical Marker became the standard road power. Alco-GE switchers
AC&Y D-1, ©ALCO Historic Photos AC&YHS Collection began to arrive around WWII. Mainline dieselization with F-M power
AC&Y 501, Fairbanks Morse H20-44 AC&YHS Collection began in earnest in 1948, and the last steam engines were retired in 1955.
As a small railroad, AC&Y competed successfully with the larger Eastern carriers like PRR, NYC, NKP, Erie, B&O and C&O. The same roads were also valued connections.
AC&Y was noted for excellent service including a daily mixed train operation. Roughly a third of AC&Y’s business was represented by highly competitive “overhead” or “bridge” freight traffic. AC&Y-Northern Ohio offered 2nd a.m. service between Eastern points and St. Louis as part of the noted alphabet route
The Alphabet Route was a coalition of railroads connecting the Midwest United States with the Northeast, as a freight alternate to the four major systems with WM, P&WV, W&LE and the NKP.
In 1964, the AC&Y was merged into the N&W System. The Fairbanks-Morse diesels
AC&Y 204 -FM H16-44 and 504 FM H20-44 AC&YHS Collection were gradually replaced by ex-NKP GP-7’s
N&W 2433 and 2433 EMD GP7’s ©Bob Lucas - AC&YHS Collection and N&W power. AC&Y was an independent operation until 1981 Norfolk Southern later sold the line to new interests. The remaining portion of the AC&Y east of Carey, Ohio is now operated as part of the Wheeling and Lake Erie.
Using 1969 as a representative statistical year, following are AC&Y freight car loadings by major commodity:
|(including crushed and broken stone)|
|Chemicals and allied products||
|(including synthetic rubber)|
|Rubber and plastic products||
|(including tires and inner tubes)|
|Lumber and wood products||
|Stone, clay and glass products||
|Primary metal products||
|Petroleum and coal products||
Major AC&Y shippers included Youngstown Sheet & Tube, General Tire, Goodyear T&R, Minnesota Mining (3M), Diamond Crystal Salt, Babcock & Wilcox, Columbia Chemical (PPG), H.W. Madison Pickle Company, National Lime & Stone, Wyandotte Stone, Central Ohio Electric Co-op, Ohio (beet) Sugar, United States Steel, Robinson Clay Products, Mohawk Rubber, Ball Brothers, B.F. Goodrich, Oglebay Norton, Rubber City Sand & Gravel, A.I. Root Company, Continental Baking, Firestone T&R, Motor Wheel, Copperweld Steel, A.E. Staley and others.
AC&Y was active in the secondary freight car markets. Much of the equipment roster consisted of second-hand cars. Long-standing relationships were formed with several major rail equipment lessors including Mather Patent Car Co. and A.A. Morrison (North American Car)